The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA) Comes into Force in the U.S.

November 21, 2009

In 2008, the U.S. enacted the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 (GINA) to prohibit discrimination in health coverage and employment based on genetic information. While many states have already enacted legislation that prohibitions discrimination based on genetic information, the degree of protection provided by state laws varies widely and the federal act provides a minimum baseline of protection. GINA prohibits health insurers or administrators from requesting or requiring genetic information from an individual or an individual’s family members. GINA also prohibits employers from using genetic information on any decisions regarding employment.

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